Meniere’s Disease, also called Idiopathic Endolymphatic Hydrops, is a disorder of the inner ear. Although the cause is unknown, it probably results from an abnormality in the fluids of the inner ear.
Meniere’s Disease is one of the most common causes of Dizziness originating in the inner ear.
- In most cases only one ear is involved, but both ears may be affected in about 15% of patients.
- Meniere’s disease typically starts between the ages of 20 and 50 years.
- Men and women are affected in equal numbers.
Treatment for Meniere’s Disease
- A low salt diet and a diuretic (water pill) may reduce the frequency of attacks of Meniere’s Disease in some patients.
- Anti-vertigo medications, e.g., Antivert®: (Meclizine generic), or Valium ®: (Diazepam generic), may provide temporary relief.
- Anti-nausea medication is sometimes prescribed.
- Avoid caffeine, smoking, and alcohol.
- Get regular sleep and eat properly.
- Remain physically active, but avoid excessive fatigue. Stress may aggravate the Vertigo and Tinnitus of Meniere’s Disease. Stress avoidance or counseling may be advised.
- If vertigo attacks are not controlled by conservative measures and are disabling, surgical procedures might be recommended.
*Anti-vertigo and anti-nausea medications may cause drowsiness.